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Editor’s picks: high robots from World Ag Expo

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The 2023 World Ag Expo occurred in early February in Tulare, CA, deep within the coronary heart of the California central valley. The present kicked off with an introduction by US Home of Representatives Speaker of the Home Kevin McCarthy. 

speaker of the house Kevin McCarthy at the podium in front of presentation screen.

US Speaker of the Home Kevin McCarthy addresses the group throughout the opening session of the World Ag Expo 2023. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Speaker McCarthy is a local of close by Bakersfield and Tulare is within the district that he represents. The speaker together with a number of different senators and representatives from different ag-heavy states had been current on day one of many present for an vital “listening session” associated to the upcoming farm invoice which is up for renewal this spring within the US Congress.

Tevel Aerobotics

the Tevel Alphabot harvesting platform with stationary drones on the sides.

The brand new Tevel Alphabot is a partnership between Tevel Aerobotics and S&S Harvesting. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Tevel Aerobotics is the 2021 recipient of an RBR50 innovation award for fruit-collecting drones. Tevel’s main announcement on the 2023 World Ag Expo (WAE) is a brand new relationship with S&S Steel Fabrication to supply an automatic platform harvester to assist the Tevel drones as they transfer down a row.

The brand new S&S cellular base is a spinoff of the prevailing S&S Alpha-1 platform harvester and is about 8 ft huge and 25 ft lengthy. The automobile contains a smooth conveyor belt in the course of the automobile to softly transfer the fruit to storage bins that accumulate and deposit the fruit into bigger bins. These bins are then dropped off inside the rox behind the autonomous automobile because it progresses down a row inside the orchard. 

Many observers of the preliminary Tevel fruit-picking demo final yr identified that the drones had been dropping the harvested fruit from too excessive and that it will possible injury the fruit. Tevel has solved this downside by the implementation of a canvas drop zone that catches the fruit deposited by a drone after which lets the fruit fall a brief, repeatable distance to the conveyor.


the agtonomy reference tractor sits behind the agtonomy name at the booth.

Agtonomy launched its new Tele-Farmer answer at World Ag Expo 2023. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Agtonomy launched its new Tele-farmer answer on the 2023 WAE present. 

This was the most important robotic agriculture new product announcement on the present. Agtonomy is a startup headquartered in South San Francisco.

The Tele-Farmer answer is positioned as a farm administration software program answer BUT the corporate demonstrated a fleet of what they’re describing as reference tractors automated by their Tele-Farmer software program answer.

The answer is primarily focused at high-value crops and orchard workflows like mowing, spraying, and weeding.

Tele-Farmer options two novel capabilities:

  • Trunk Imaginative and prescient is an ai-based imaginative and prescient mannequin designed to trace the trunks of bushes and navigate precisely by an orchard row.
  • An autonomous battery altering characteristic that may autonomously place a lifeless battery onto the charger after which choose up a totally charged battery from a close-by charging dock.

Nexus Robotics

three delts style robot arms underneath the carriage of the robotic vehicle.

The Nexus Robotics weeder employs delta-style robotic arms to selectively pull weeds out of the bottom, whereas leaving the crop vegetation untouched. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Canadian robotics firm NEXUS Robotics attended the present for the primary time. The corporate has a totally autonomous, unmanned, electrical drive platform that options three delta-style robots positioned beneath the robotic chassis to choose weeds from plant rows. Every delta robotic arm has a single gripper designed to shortly pluck a weed plant from the soil.

The system makes use of photographs from a coloration digital camera and synthetic intelligence to determine the vegetation from weeds, after which transfer the robotic’s gripper to the situation of the weed whereas the autonomous platform continues to drive alongside the row.

Nexus is focusing on the lettuce market because the preliminary utility for weeding and thinning throughout cultivation. The answer is delivered as a robotic as a service answer. 

The corporate plans to have its first automobiles within the discipline this spring for the weeding and cultivation processes throughout the rising season.


a view of the new Farmwise Vulcan smart implement showing the articulated weeding mechanism.

The brand new Farmwise Vulcan is an autonomous weeder configured as a sensible implement that may be connected to any customary tractor. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Farmwise launched the brand new Vulcan good implement on the present. Vulcan is totally re-engineered and leverages every little thing that Farmwise realized from a number of years of working the Titan, an autonomous weeding answer for purchasers within the Salinas Valley space of California.

The corporate plans to proceed working its current Titan-based fleet, however isn’t planning to increase this service.

The primary benefit of the brand new Vulcan implement is that it’s obtainable in a three-row width, which instantly makes it 3 times sooner and extra environment friendly than the Titan. Secondly, Vulcan may be deployed behind any current guide tractor, which opens up the marketplace for Farmwise. Vulcan is also deployed behind any of the autonomous tractors at the moment available on the market, matching (or exceeding) the capabilities of the Titan. The result’s a win-win for each farmers and Farmwise.

The gadget makes use of machine imaginative and prescient and synthetic intelligence to determine crop vegetation from weeds and beneficials, and the entire AI fashions created with Titan may be leveraged to run Vulcan.

Lastly, Vulcan makes use of hydraulics to actuate the weeding blades whereas Titan used pneumatics to actuate the blades. This gives extra pace, precision and stiffness to the blade movement.

Vulcan is easy to function as customers solely want to pick out the crop and row spacing, after which drive down the furrows. Vulcan does the remaining. Farmwise technicians remotely monitor the operation and might shortly deal with any alerts or errors which may come up throughout operations.

NOTE: Thomas Palomares, CTO & Co-Founder at FarmWise will current a use case on the upcoming 2023 Robotics Summit and Expo in Boston, MA on Could 10-11 2023.

Monarch Tractor

screenshot of the monarch tractor software showing tractor paths in a field.

The brand new software program from Monarch Tractor is each a fleet supervisor and a tractor knowledge administration utility. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

I’ve been protecting Monarch Tractor for the reason that firm emerged from stealth in 2020. On the World Ag Expo final yr, the corporate was featured solely at associate cubicles. Nonetheless, this yr, Monarch Tractor had a sales space and demo space that was greater than John Deere or any of the opposite “veteran” tractor firms on the present. The corporate has raised over $80M within the final two years and started delivery its first manufacturing models in November of 2022. The corporate additionally signed a cope with Foxconn to begin manufacturing the tractor in its Lordstown OH manufacturing facility.

So it needs to be no shock that the corporate made such an enormous funding in advertising and marketing for this occasion. The corporate is now making income and has a deep backlog of shoppers prepared to purchase and deploy the tractors. Each advertising and marketing greenback spent may be justified with a possible sale.

On the present, Monarch launched a brand new fleet administration software program bundle known as Wingspan features a new person interface and a characteristic set that simplifies the deployment, administration, and upkeep of the tractors deployed on a farm. The corporate totally expects some clients to deploy multiple tractor, so fleet administration options are key to controlling the day-to-day operations of the tractors.

Monarch is an open-source knowledge platform and the corporate plans to make the entire info obtainable in regards to the Monarch tractor operations.

CEO Praveen Penmentsa has a imaginative and prescient the place all of this tractor operational info flows upward and is consolidated for the farmer.

Carbon Robotics

Carbon Robotics created an autonomous weeder that makes use of lasers to zap the weeds and immediately kill them with none harmful chemical substances. In some ways, it’s the best answer for managing weeds with out disturbing the soil or introducing dangerous chemical substances which may affect people, animals, and pollinators.

There have been no huge bulletins from Carbon Robotics this yr apart from the addition of recent crops to the answer. Which means that they’ve new imaginative and prescient identification fashions for brand new crops that increase the applying for extra crops.

Most notably this yr on the present, there was no autonomous model of the Carbon Robotics answer on show. The corporate is now all in on the good implement model of its laser-wielding weeder. Each Carbon Robotics and Farmwise have arrived on the identical conclusion: single-row autonomous platform cultivation options aren’t as economically viable as a multi-row, smart-implement model of the answer. It’s simple arithmetic, when you may cowl 3 times the realm in a single cross, you are able to do the work 3 times sooner. That is simply the beginning of the smart-implement market.

The corporate additionally launched an on-tractor energy generator for the good implement that gives onboard energy for the unit utilizing the PTO on the tractor.


several Farm-NG tractor configurations are shown.

Farm-NG gives quite a lot of configurable parts that may be put collectively to create any variety of completely different fashion autonomous automobiles for the farm. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Farm-NG is an Ag-robotics startup that launched its options at this present. The product is an industrial erector set-like platform with open-source software program for the event of customized, autonomous farm machines. The Farm-NG product line contains plenty of motors, linear actuators, sensors, cameras and a central management unit, all of that are plug-and-play over the CAN bus. It additionally contains ag-specific attachments reminiscent of discs, furrows, blades, tines, a seeding meeting, an built-in compost spreader, and a bunch of different miscellaneous parts.

The genius of the system is its modularity and openness. Farmers are tinkerers, and that is the proper toolkit for any small to medium-sized farming operation. The software program included with the onboard controller is designed to be fully programmable by the touchscreen interface. This allows management over the varied motors and attachments. Nonetheless, the system can also be fully open, and a programmer can lengthen the capabilities and write advanced, imaginative and prescient or sensor-guided management algorithms. The system additionally permits safe, distant monitoring and distant teleoperation of the rig by both a WiFi or mobile community.

Bluewhite Robotics

front bumper of a john deere tractor that's been converted to an autonomous tractor with BlueWhite technology.

This John Deere tractor has been transformed into an autonomous tractor with Bluewhite autonomy bundle. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Bluewhite is an Israeli startup that may automate any current tractor with the addition of a sensor bundle and management actuators. The enterprise mannequin for BlueWhite is to work with the prevailing fleet of tractors which might be owned by a farmer and add on the controls that convert the fleet into totally autonomous automobiles, whereas nonetheless preserving the guide drive capabilities of the automobile.

The corporate has already transformed plenty of tractor fashions from the main tractor producers. They design customized actuators for steering, throttle, brakes, transmission, and so on, that may be retrofitted onto the automobiles. As the corporate engineers these actuators for a brand new mannequin, it’s constructing a portfolio of controls that it might probably leverage for subsequent clients.

The corporate has a software program bundle that allows distant monitoring and teleoperation of the answer. The software program does depend on GPS, RTK or Comms for profitable operation. Good implements are additionally controllable offering autonomous operations from seed to reap. 

Bluewhite operates a robotic as a service (RaaS) mannequin that allows farmers to function the gear regionally whereas Bluewhite displays the operation frequently and handles exceptions and errors to protect uptime and continuity.

Amos Energy

hero image of a Amos Power tractor showing the tracks.

Amos Energy launched its new all-electric autonomous tractor. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Amos Energy is one other startup that launched its autonomous tractor on the 2023 WAE. The corporate is constructing a totally autonomous, all-electric, tracked tractor. The platform options three separate electrical motors, one for every drive prepare and a separate electrically pushed PTO. This allows the PTO to run at a pace and energy setting that’s completely different from the drive prepare of the tractor.

The Amos Energy tractor is totally autonomous and doesn’t embody a driver’s seat or any method for a farmer to experience within the automobile. That is completely different from lots of the different opponents and places Amos Energy into the unmanned autonomy section of the market.

The tractor weighs 2500 kg (6600 lbs) and has a drawbar horsepower of 75-85 hp. The PTO has 34-40 hp. The corporate is at the moment taking reservations for its manufacturing technology of automobiles.

Guardian Agriculture

hero image of the guardian ag drone.

Guardian Ag launched its autonomous, unmanned crop-spraying drone. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Guardian Agriculture was one of many few aerial unmanned options on show on the present. The Guardian SC-1 is a four-prop drone that options 1.5 m (60-inch) propellers and a 76 Liter (20 gal) payload. The automobile is designed for autonomous aerial spraying operations and is designed to be operated by a single operator who’s managing flight operations and the refilling station. The SC-1 would sometimes fly for 3-4 minutes earlier than emptying its onboard tank and returning to the refill/recharge station. A fast five-minute refill/recharge places the drone again into the air for steady operations till all duties are accomplished.

The corporate is at the moment growing a bigger model of the platform that may characteristic 2 m (80-inch) props and a big capability tank to increase flight capabilities.

Operators are required to accumulate the entire acceptable drone flight and chemical dealing with certifications earlier than working the drone.


view of the beewise beehome structure showing hive entry points.

Beewise is innovating the beekeeping business with a totally autonomous beehive that gives real-time knowledge on bee well being and exercise. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Some of the distinctive autonomous improvements on show on the present was the Beewise beehome. This can be a climate-controlled, solar-powered, remotely monitored beehive with a capability of as much as 24 completely different hives. The bottom unit measures 2.5m x 2m x 2m (8 ft x 6.5 ft x 6.5 ft), and weighs lower than a ton with out the colonies inside.

Along with monitoring the bee hives and alerting the hive proprietor to the well being of the bees, the unit additionally options an inside robotic that autonomously harvests honey. The robotic extracts the person honeycombs from a hive, gently swiping the bees from the body throughout the extraction course of. The robotic then inserts the body into an extraction unit that spins the body at excessive pace to extract the honey. The frames are then returned to the hive.

The hive operators additionally acquired real-time alerts monitoring bee actions and different alert circumstances.

Vinergy Inc

side view of the vinergy gopher IQ autonomous mobile robot.

Vinergy developed an AMR for shifting grape packing containers from the crop row to the in-field pack-out station in order that grape harvesters don’t want to go away the row. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Vinergy Inc is an skilled machine builder that’s increasing it product portfolio to incorporate automation for grape farmers. The corporate launched the Gopher IQ autonomous tray mover to assist the desk grape harvesting course of by shifting crammed packing containers of grapes from the in-field rows to a central in-field packing station. This use case retains the harvesting crew from having to go away their in-row location to ship the crammed packing containers to the packing stations, sometimes a time-wasted operation for the harvesters. As a result of fragility of the crop, desk grapes should be harvested by hand.

The system is supplied with a robots-as-a-service (RaaS) enterprise mannequin. The Gopher HQ answer is a guide pack-out station for grape harvesting that gives a cellular packing station construction that may be simply moved wherever within the discipline. It contains eight pack out stations, mixed with an automatic outfeed belt that queues instances of product. The HQ folds down and is designed to trailer as much as three Gopher iQ models for transport on the highway. The answer is on the market for deployment throughout the 2023 harvest season.

The corporate can also be producing the Rhino, a brand new answer designed for the dairy feeding utility. The Rhino is designed to function in a dairy barn and push the cow suggestions inside attain of the herd as they feed.

The corporate additionally lately secured a grant to work with aerial drone vendor Tevel to offer a ground-based platform to maneuver the battery pack for the harvesting drones, whereas additionally offering the construction for gathering fruit. The prototype unit is a a lot smaller scale than the S&S base unit proven elsewhere on the present, and it was optimized for safely packing stone fruit (peaches, apricots) which might be extra fragile than apples.


close up view of the new Burro AMR charging station.

Burro launched a brand new autonomous charging station for the Burro AMR. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Burro had plenty of autonomous models on show on the present. The corporate is increasing operations with new scouting payload options. CEO Charlie Andersen describes the brand new safety patrol characteristic as a chance for present (and future) Burro operators to increase the utilization of their Burro cellular robots after the working day. Sadly, farmers are sometimes the goal of thieves throughout the in a single day hours, when helpful crops and/or gear are stolen. By deploying Burros geared up with further cameras and sensors to patrol distant areas of the farm, farmers can really feel safer that they are going to be alerted to points.

The corporate has additionally launched a brand new charging station that allows Burros to autonomously recharge the battery with out the necessity for guide plug-in or battery swap. This additionally helps the safety patrol workflow by enabling the automobiles to cost themselves throughout in a single day hours.

Pollination is one other job that Burro is pursuing. Burro has began a partnership with to deploy a blueberry pollinating payload to the burro and have the automobile autonomously traverse a discipline. Pollination for blueberries happens by shaking the branches and shifting the pollen from the male to the feminine flowers.

Lastly, the corporate is pursuing the photo voltaic market together with mowing weeds all through a photo voltaic set up, in addition to autonomously shuttling photo voltaic panels for employees throughout an set up.

Naio Applied sciences

view of the Naio Robotics autonomous tractor.

Naio Applied sciences demonstrated its full lineup of autonomous tractors designed for particular crops. | Credit score: The Robotic Report

Naio Applied sciences had demo models on show for every of the varied autonomous tractors in its portfolio. From the tiny Oz robotic to the a lot bigger Orio and Ted platforms. Naio has a longtime base of customers in its native France, and the corporate is now increasing operations to the USA. The corporate focuses totally on weeding and spraying operations in vegetable crops and particularly in grapes and vineyards. All the automobiles within the Naio lineup are unmanned autonomous automobiles and the Orio and Ted platforms carry the implement between the wheel base, which simplifies the security necessities and the general driving and management of the automobile.

GUSS Agriculture

GUSS Agriculture launched a brand new floor sprayer attachment for the usual and mini GUSS sprayer base models. This attachment turns the GUSS automobile from an aerial sprayer for orchard bushes right into a floor spraying machine that may dispense weed killer on weeds on the bottom between the orchard bushes. This helps with weed administration throughout the rising season and helps to protect chemical utilization by limiting the overspray onto naked floor. The unit is provided with downward-facing cameras that solely spray when it might probably see the presence of weeds on the bottom.



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